What is Child Abuse?

Physical abuse: Non-accidental physical injury

"Physical injury": Substantial physical pain or any impairment of the physical condition. Serious physical injury: Physical injury which creates a substantial risk of death or which causes serious and prolonged disfigurement, prolonged impairment of health, or prolonged loss or impairment of the function of any bodily member or organ. [KRS 600.020 (59)]

Sexual Abuse

Includes but is not necessarily limited to any contacts or interactions in which the parent, guardian, person in a position of authority or special trust, as defined in KRS 532.045, or other person having custodial control or supervision of the child or responsibility for his or her welfare, uses or allows, permits, or encourages the use of the child for the purposes of the sexual stimulation of the perpetrator or another person.

Sexual exploitation

When a parent, guardian, person in a position of authority or special trust, as defined in KRS 532.045, or other person having custodial control or supervision of a child or responsible for his or her welfare, allows, permits, or encourages the child to engage in an act which constitutes prostitution under Kentucky law; allows, permits, or encourages the child to engage in an act of obscene or pornographic photographing, filming, or depicting of a child as provided for under Kentucky law; [KRS 600.020 (61)]

What is Child Neglect?

Neglect

Failure to provide essential protection, care, supervision, food, clothing, shelter, education or medical care necessary for the child's health and safety – considering the child’s age

Types of Neglect

  1. "Supervision: Age of the child (chronological and developmental), length of time the child is unsupervised, maturity of the child, availability of other adults/resources to the child, and safety hazards present in the home or neighborhood"
  2. "Environmental: A serious health and safety hazard is present (including: hazardous materials or chemicals, raw sewage, insufficient shelter, a fire/safety hazard, infestations of vermin or rodents)"
  3. "Medical: Untreated injury, illness, condition or disability that may: interfere with normal functioning and worsen without treatment, become life-threatening, result in permanent impairment"
  4. "Risk of Harm: Incapacitated caretakers, repeated exposure to domestic violence, exposure to a sexual offender"
  5. "Educational: Age of child, school’s exhaustion of all resources, caretaker’s neglect prevents child from attending, performing, etc."
  6. "Substance use/abuse: Caretaker under the influence while caring for/driving child, their use has affected their ability to parent"
  7. "Food: Dietary needs not met, health impacted (i.e. malnutrition, dehydration, period of time)"
  8. "Hygiene/Clothing: Child’s physical health is affected by caretaker’s act or omission"
  9. "Emotional injury: Inflicted harm on child’s emotional well-being by non-accidental means, often requires a QMHP assessment"
  10. "Dependency: The child is without essential protection, care, etc. not due to an intentional act by the parent"